Athenian Acropolis

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There is little doubt that a Mycenaean megaron palace stood upon the hill during the late Bronze Age. Nothing of this megaron survives except, probably, a single limestone column-base and pieces of several sandstone steps. Soon after the palace was constructed, a Cyclopean massive circuit wall was built, 760 meters long, up to 10 meters high, and ranging from 3. 5 to 6 meters thick. From the end of the Helladic IIIB (1300-1200 BC) on, this wall would serve as the main defense for the acropolis until the 5th century. The wall consisted of two parapets built with large stone blocks and cemented with an earth mortar called emplekton (Greek: ἔμπλεκτον). The wall uses typical Mycenaean conventions in that it followed the natural contour of the terrain and its gate, which was towards the south, was arranged obliquely, with a parapet and tower overhanging the incomers' right-hand side, thus facilitating defense. There were two lesser approaches up the hill on its north side, consisting of steep, narrow flights of steps cut in the rock. Homer is assumed to refer to this fortification when he mentions the "strong-built House of Erechtheus" (Odyssey 7. 81). At some time before the 13th century BC, an earthquake caused a fissure near the northeastern edge of the Acropolis. This fissure extended some 35 meters to a bed of soft marl in which a well was dug. An elaborate set of stairs was built and the well served as an invaluable, protected source of drinking water during times of siege for some portion of the Mycenaean period.

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Temple Athenian Acropolis Greece Wallpaper and Background Image | 1680x1050
Temple Athenian Acropolis Greece Wallpaper and Background Image | 1680x1050
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Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
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The Greek Travelling Destination Acropolis of Athens – Greece – World ...
The Greek Travelling Destination Acropolis of Athens – Greece – World ...
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8 Inventions We Owe to the Ancients - History Lists
8 Inventions We Owe to the Ancients - History Lists
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Acropolis, the citadel of Athens: a stunning photo gallery
Acropolis, the citadel of Athens: a stunning photo gallery
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How to Visit the Acropolis & Parthenon in Athens | Earth Trekkers
How to Visit the Acropolis & Parthenon in Athens | Earth Trekkers
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World Visits: Acropolis Of Athens Is An Ancient Citadel In Greece
World Visits: Acropolis Of Athens Is An Ancient Citadel In Greece
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Parthenon temple on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece | Parnassus ...
Parthenon temple on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece | Parnassus ...
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Learn About the Parthenon and Acropolis in Athens, Greece
Learn About the Parthenon and Acropolis in Athens, Greece
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Download Acropolis Athens Royalty Free Stock Photo and Image
Download Acropolis Athens Royalty Free Stock Photo and Image
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Visitors On Athenian Acropolis, Greece. Editorial Stock Photo - Image ...
Visitors On Athenian Acropolis, Greece. Editorial Stock Photo - Image ...
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Die Akropolis Von Athen Stockfoto und mehr Bilder von Abenddämmerung ...
Die Akropolis Von Athen Stockfoto und mehr Bilder von Abenddämmerung ...
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The one ingredient you need for learning anything. | by Iñaki escudero ...
The one ingredient you need for learning anything. | by Iñaki escudero ...
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Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
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Acropolis of Athens, Athens - Book Tickets & Tours | GetYourGuide
Acropolis of Athens, Athens - Book Tickets & Tours | GetYourGuide
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Panoramic View Of Parthenon - Temple Of Goddess Athena - Within Ancient ...
Panoramic View Of Parthenon - Temple Of Goddess Athena - Within Ancient ...
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Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
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Panoramic View Of Parthenon - Temple Of Goddess Athena - Within Ancient ...
Panoramic View Of Parthenon - Temple Of Goddess Athena - Within Ancient ...
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Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
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Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
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ギリシャのアテネのアクロポリス | プレミアム写真
ギリシャのアテネのアクロポリス | プレミアム写真
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Interesting facts about the Acropolis of Athens | Just Fun Facts
Interesting facts about the Acropolis of Athens | Just Fun Facts
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Acropolis of Athens, Athens - Book Tickets & Tours | GetYourGuide
Acropolis of Athens, Athens - Book Tickets & Tours | GetYourGuide
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Mural de Parede Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, Athens, Greece • Pixers ...
Mural de Parede Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, Athens, Greece • Pixers ...
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Fichier:Propylaea, Athenian Acropolis (internal view), Athens cityscape ...
Fichier:Propylaea, Athenian Acropolis (internal view), Athens cityscape ...
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4k Amazing Acropolis Temple Heritage Stock Footage Video (100% Royalty ...
4k Amazing Acropolis Temple Heritage Stock Footage Video (100% Royalty ...
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Acropolis and Acropolis Museum Tour with Entry Tickets - Athenian Tours
Acropolis and Acropolis Museum Tour with Entry Tickets - Athenian Tours
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Download Wallpaper greece athens pantheon parthenon the acropolis ...
Download Wallpaper greece athens pantheon parthenon the acropolis ...
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Athens Greece The Iconic Parthenon On Athenian Acropolis High-Res Stock ...
Athens Greece The Iconic Parthenon On Athenian Acropolis High-Res Stock ...
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Interesting facts about the Acropolis of Athens | Just Fun Facts
Interesting facts about the Acropolis of Athens | Just Fun Facts
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Acropolis and Acropolis Museum Tour with Entry Tickets - Athenian Tours
Acropolis and Acropolis Museum Tour with Entry Tickets - Athenian Tours
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Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
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Download wallpapers Athens, Parthenon, ruins, blue sky, Athens landmark ...
Download wallpapers Athens, Parthenon, ruins, blue sky, Athens landmark ...
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Parthenon Canvas Print Athenian Acropolis Painting Greece | Etsy
Parthenon Canvas Print Athenian Acropolis Painting Greece | Etsy
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Download wallpapers Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, Greece, grunge art ...
Download wallpapers Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, Greece, grunge art ...
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Parthenon Temple On Athenian Acropolis Sunset Stock Photo (Edit Now ...
Parthenon Temple On Athenian Acropolis Sunset Stock Photo (Edit Now ...
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Did an earthquake destroy ancient Greece? -- Secret History -- Sott.net
Did an earthquake destroy ancient Greece? -- Secret History -- Sott.net
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Athenian Acropolis: Propylaea and Parthenon
Athenian Acropolis: Propylaea and Parthenon
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Athenian Acropolis 3D - YouTube
Athenian Acropolis 3D - YouTube
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Classical Athenian Acropolis, perspective view from the northwest (by ...
Classical Athenian Acropolis, perspective view from the northwest (by ...
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Temple Athenian Acropolis Greece Wallpaper and Background Image | 1680x1050
Temple Athenian Acropolis Greece Wallpaper and Background Image | 1680x1050
Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
The Greek Travelling Destination Acropolis of Athens – Greece – World ...
The Greek Travelling Destination Acropolis of Athens – Greece – World ...
8 Inventions We Owe to the Ancients - History Lists
8 Inventions We Owe to the Ancients - History Lists
Acropolis, the citadel of Athens: a stunning photo gallery
Acropolis, the citadel of Athens: a stunning photo gallery
How to Visit the Acropolis & Parthenon in Athens | Earth Trekkers
How to Visit the Acropolis & Parthenon in Athens | Earth Trekkers
World Visits: Acropolis Of Athens Is An Ancient Citadel In Greece
World Visits: Acropolis Of Athens Is An Ancient Citadel In Greece
Parthenon temple on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece | Parnassus ...
Parthenon temple on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece | Parnassus ...
Learn About the Parthenon and Acropolis in Athens, Greece
Learn About the Parthenon and Acropolis in Athens, Greece
Download Acropolis Athens Royalty Free Stock Photo and Image
Download Acropolis Athens Royalty Free Stock Photo and Image
Visitors On Athenian Acropolis, Greece. Editorial Stock Photo - Image ...
Visitors On Athenian Acropolis, Greece. Editorial Stock Photo - Image ...
Die Akropolis Von Athen Stockfoto und mehr Bilder von Abenddämmerung ...
Die Akropolis Von Athen Stockfoto und mehr Bilder von Abenddämmerung ...
The one ingredient you need for learning anything. | by Iñaki escudero ...
The one ingredient you need for learning anything. | by Iñaki escudero ...
Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
Acropolis of Athens, Athens - Book Tickets & Tours | GetYourGuide
Acropolis of Athens, Athens - Book Tickets & Tours | GetYourGuide
Panoramic View Of Parthenon - Temple Of Goddess Athena - Within Ancient ...
Panoramic View Of Parthenon - Temple Of Goddess Athena - Within Ancient ...
Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
Panoramic View Of Parthenon - Temple Of Goddess Athena - Within Ancient ...
Panoramic View Of Parthenon - Temple Of Goddess Athena - Within Ancient ...
Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
Acropolis of Athens & Parthenon - Travel Guide - Grekaddict
Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
ギリシャのアテネのアクロポリス | プレミアム写真
ギリシャのアテネのアクロポリス | プレミアム写真
Interesting facts about the Acropolis of Athens | Just Fun Facts
Interesting facts about the Acropolis of Athens | Just Fun Facts
Acropolis of Athens, Athens - Book Tickets & Tours | GetYourGuide
Acropolis of Athens, Athens - Book Tickets & Tours | GetYourGuide
Mural de Parede Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, Athens, Greece • Pixers ...
Mural de Parede Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, Athens, Greece • Pixers ...
Fichier:Propylaea, Athenian Acropolis (internal view), Athens cityscape ...
Fichier:Propylaea, Athenian Acropolis (internal view), Athens cityscape ...
w
4k Amazing Acropolis Temple Heritage Stock Footage Video (100% Royalty ...
4k Amazing Acropolis Temple Heritage Stock Footage Video (100% Royalty ...
p
Acropolis and Acropolis Museum Tour with Entry Tickets - Athenian Tours
Acropolis and Acropolis Museum Tour with Entry Tickets - Athenian Tours
c
Download Wallpaper greece athens pantheon parthenon the acropolis ...
Download Wallpaper greece athens pantheon parthenon the acropolis ...
m
Athens Greece The Iconic Parthenon On Athenian Acropolis High-Res Stock ...
Athens Greece The Iconic Parthenon On Athenian Acropolis High-Res Stock ...
g
Interesting facts about the Acropolis of Athens | Just Fun Facts
Interesting facts about the Acropolis of Athens | Just Fun Facts
j
Acropolis and Acropolis Museum Tour with Entry Tickets - Athenian Tours
Acropolis and Acropolis Museum Tour with Entry Tickets - Athenian Tours
c
Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
Athens Greece Parthenon temple on Athenian Acropolis Stock Video ...
c
Download wallpapers Athens, Parthenon, ruins, blue sky, Athens landmark ...
Download wallpapers Athens, Parthenon, ruins, blue sky, Athens landmark ...
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Message:
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Parthenon Canvas Print Athenian Acropolis Painting Greece | Etsy
Parthenon Canvas Print Athenian Acropolis Painting Greece | Etsy
e
Download wallpapers Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, Greece, grunge art ...
Download wallpapers Parthenon, Athenian Acropolis, Greece, grunge art ...
b
Parthenon Temple On Athenian Acropolis Sunset Stock Photo (Edit Now ...
Parthenon Temple On Athenian Acropolis Sunset Stock Photo (Edit Now ...
s
Did an earthquake destroy ancient Greece? -- Secret History -- Sott.net
Did an earthquake destroy ancient Greece? -- Secret History -- Sott.net
s
Athenian Acropolis: Propylaea and Parthenon
Athenian Acropolis: Propylaea and Parthenon
d
Athenian Acropolis 3D - YouTube
Athenian Acropolis 3D - YouTube
y
Classical Athenian Acropolis, perspective view from the northwest (by ...
Classical Athenian Acropolis, perspective view from the northwest (by ...
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